Series on Health

Wells, N.

Series on Health
September 1978

Most of the 600,000 babies born in England and Wales each year are healthy and have before them the prospect of active lives spanning seventy years or more. A proportion of these infants, however, possess impairments, present at or arising during or immediately after delivery which may lead to severe temporary or permanent handicaps. The most frequently occurring of these impairments, involving physical and/or mental disability, are the subject of this paper.

Series on Health
April 1978

This paper analyses the occurrence and causes of reduced mental ability and its handicapping consequences with the objective of highlighting those areas where there is most opportunity for either preventing its incidence or alleviating the distress it generates.

Laing, W.

Series on Health
April 1978

The incidence of treatable chronic renal failure in Britain and other Western countries is very small indeed. The most commonly quoted figure is forty people (under sixty years old) per million total population per year.1 Compared with conditions like coronary heart disease, cancer, bronchitis or arthritis, therefore, the magnitude of renal failure as a current health problem appears insignificant.

Series on Health
November 1977

Britain's one and a half million physically handicapped people do not form a homogeneous group. It is wrong to regard them as a discrete section of the population with identical difficulties and interests; for just as the basic abilities, learnt skills and other personal characteristics of 'normal' people vary very widely so too do those of persons who happen to have a disabling condition.

Series on Health
April 1977

In 1808 Charles Badham adopted the term 'bronchitis' to define collectively 'chronic pectoral (chest) complaints, especially those of people advanced in life . . . ' This definition is of relevance today in that it serves to illustrate the wide range of morbid states that bronchitis may encompass and hence the likelihood that most people will experience, at one time or another, some of the symptoms of a bronchitic ailment. Such illnesses may occur either in the form of acute, usually periodic attacks or as chronic afflictions which often become progressively more serious over time.

Taylor, D.

Series on Health
March 1977

This study of the reorganised National Health Service is divided into two papers. The first describes the new structure and the management concepts on which it was based and the second examines the progress of and the criticisms made about the NHS since 1974. They were designed to complement one another although readers already familiar with the health service's administrative format may prefer to confine their attention to the latter study.

Series on Health
October 1976

Asthma, a term derived from the Greek meaning to pant, was first clearly described by Aretaeus, a physician who practised in the second and third centuries of the Christian era. Many descriptions of the disorder appeared subsequently but they were often brief and inadequate and their value was limited still further by confused theories of causation and complicated methods of treatment (Major 1953).

Series on Health
April 1976

Rabies, which is traditionally regarded as a mortal condition in humans once the symptoms have developed, is the best known and most feared of all the diseases which may be passed from animals to man. The course of the illness is usually extremely distressing, both physically and psychologically, although modem medicines can now help to relieve the suffering of its victims. Nevertheless there is still no effective cure. Awareness of this underlines the importance of preventive measures like immunisation and the control of rabies transmission amongst both wild and domestic animals.

Series on Health
February 1976

Anaesthesia is the art or science of rendering the patient unaware, thereby providing an indispensable foundation for surgery. Although man had unsuccessfully been attempting to eliminate the pain of surgical procedures for many centuries, anaesthesia was not introduced into medical practice until the first half of the nineteenth century.

Series on Health
August 1975

For the past 25 years the problems of the National Health Service in Britain have been considered primarily in terms of a shortage of resources. This emphasis has persisted in spite of National Health Service expenditure having doubled in real terms and in spite of huge increases in most grades of manpower. The number of doctors working in the hospitals, for example, has also doubled since 1948.

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