The 21st OHE Annual Lecture was given Professor Anne Mills, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, on the subject of Universal Health Coverage in low- and middle-income countries.

Health services available to the entire population free of charge, and providing the best health advice and treatment, was the foundation stone for the creation of the National Health Service. The health systems of most other high income countries similarly embody the ideal of universal health coverage.

In this publication, Professor Mills discusses universal health coverage in the context of low- and middle-income countries and what can be learned from the experiences of countries already tackling the key challenges in making progress towards it. The discussion is framed around each of the key stakeholders in a health system, including the population/patients, providers of services, financial intermediaries and the government/professional bodies.