Economics of Health Technology Assessment

O'Brien, B.

Series on Health
November 1986

Half a century ago little attention was paid to the risks associated with medical and surgical treatment. The hazards of sickness itself were so obvious, that the considerable risks of medical intervention were more or less taken for granted.

Teeling Smith, G.

Series on Health
June 1985

Expenditure on health care is continuing to rise in all Western countries, both in total and as a percentage of gross national product (Table 1). This has underlined the political importance of demonstrating that this expenditure is giving value for money, both in specific instances and in its totality.

Holland, G.

Monograph
April 1985

It is widely accepted that resources for the provision of health care are scarce, that is, there are not and never will be enough resources to satisfy either subjective "demands" for health care or externally measured "needs". The use of resources in one health care activity means the opportunity to use those same resources in a competing activity is automatically foregone (the economist 's notion of opportunity cost) (Drummond 1983).

Teeling Smith, G. ed.

Monograph
July 1983

There has been a spectacular explosion of therapeutic progress over the past 35 years. The consequent improvements in public health may seem self-evident. Why, then, is it necessary to employ the disciplines of economics and sociology to try to quantify these benefits? This introduction sets out to answer this question. It also looks at some of the earlier ways in which benefits have been quantified, and it discusses the reasons why new and more sophisticated methods of measurement are needed in the 1980s.

Teeling Smith, G.

Briefing
September 1982

Previous studies concerned with the benefits of modern medicines have concentrated mainly on their economic consequences (Wells NEJ 1980; Teeling-Smith G 1982).

Teeling Smith, G.

Monograph
May 1980

Since this monograph was completed, two new stories concerning the safety of medicines have been featured prominently in the British press. The first has been on an American legal case in which damages have been awarded because a medicine taken during pregnancy was alleged to have caused congenital malformations. The second has been based on the fact that the benzodiazepines, when taken for prolonged periods in high dosage, may carry the risk of causing dependency.

Taylor, D. ed.

Monograph
July 1974

The physical health and longevity of the people of countries such as Britain has improved dramatically during the course of the past 100 years. In the middle and later decades of the 19th Century the average Englishman had at birth a life expectancy of around 40 years. Today it is nearly 70 years. In 1898 the pioneer social investigator Seebohm Rowntree recorded in a survey in York an infant mortality of 247 per 1,000 live births amongst the poorest class and one of 94 per 1,000 amongst the well-to-do.

Laing, W.A. ed.

Monograph
May 1972

Proceedings of a symposium HELD AT THE Royal College of General Practitioners on Thursday 21 October 1971

One of the main ideas behind a symposium on 'Evaluation in the Health Services' was to help establish a fruitful dialogue between clinicians, planners, sociologists, economists and others.

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