OHE Consulting has released new research on orphan medicinal products (OMPs) in Europe that assesses the effects of the European Union’s 1999 Regulation on Orphan Medicinal Products on the European economy and society.
Legislation in the EU provides incentives for the developmeng of drugs for rare diseases, known as orphan medicinal products (OMPs). At a recent conference, OHE's Dr Mestre-Ferrandiz reported on OHE research that examines the impact of these measures as well as whether and how pricing and reimbursement policies affect access in practice.
Research spillovers exist when research by one organisation creates increased output for other organisations that operate in the same or other sector of the economy. Given current constraints on public, charitable and private research funding, enhancing spillovers may become an important objective in UK science and technology policy. OHE recently collaborated with RAND Europe in a high-level conference that identified priorities for science policy research that can help improve the ability to take advantage of such synergies in the UK.
Antimicrobial resistance to drugs is a growing global public health issue. The EU began a discussion in 2009 about which policies can best encourage the development of new antibiotics. New OHE research uses an economic model to indentify which incentives for innovation are likely to be most successful.
Every country around the globe struggles with attaining an appropriate balance between providing affordable health care and ensuring access to medical advances. In a recent article in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, Prof Adrian Towse examines the issues from a UK perspective. Managing and containing costs in the NHS is a perennial challenge. Far less clear is how to accomplish this while still ensuring sufficient incentives for timely access to new medical therapies, particularly new medicines.
Since 2007, new medications may be paid for by the statutory health insurance funds (GKV) in Germany only if they are cost-effective. Willingness-to-pay analyses can be essential background for decisions about the pricing and reimbursement of prescription medicines.
Data exclusivity is critical to ensuring that biosimilars achieve an appropriate balance between increasing market competition and encouraging innovation. The history of 'traditional generics' is a poor guide; biosimilars possess critically different characteristics. In the seminar, Prof Grabowski explored these differences and presented his analyses of data exclusivity requirements for biologics/biosimilars.
The availability of biosimilars -- ‘copies’ of biologics -- is very recent and limited so far to only a few products. Projecting the impact on markets of the appearance of ‘biosimilars’ is still difficult, both for individual products and for the market as a whole. This the first in a series of blog posts about the issues, as discussed at an OHE-sponsored seminar.
In a recent OHE Briefing, five leading European experts in health economics provide a comprehensive international review of changes in health economic evaluation and the reasons for them. The authors express concern that the basis for health care decision making today has evolved away from the societal perspective of cost benefit analysis to the payer perspective of cost-effectiveness analysis.