OHE Publications

Series on Health
July 1964

A review of the incidence, impact and implications of minor and unrecognised illness in the community

This booklet is about the future of medicine. It presents information about the many sick people who do not consult their doctor hoping their symptoms will evaporate, in contrast to the many others who strike us as having more than their fair share of our time.

Series on Health
July 1964

The pattern of mortality changes as a community advances and matures. In under developed societies, mortality is greatest during the first five years of life. As the society develops, the greatest mortality occurs in the first year of life. In a community which has reached a high level of development, the main impact of mortality moves to old age.

Series on Health
July 1964

A feature of the development of Britain in the 19th century was the emergence of the organised professions. In medicine, law, engineering and accountancy, for example, there was the introduction or extension of formal training and minimum standards of admission. Professional qualifications restricted entry to those who had acquired sufficient skill and knowledge. Codes of practice were laid down by the professional bodies, who also became involved in questions of status and remuneration.

Series on Health
July 1964

Over the past 40 years, diabetes has changed from a progressive or rapidly fatal disease in to a controlled chronic disorder with mortality confined mainly to old age. The new picture dates from the isolation of insulin by Banting and Best at Toronto University in 1922.

Series on Health
December 1963

The Venereal diseases are a group of infections which have in common the same means of transmission. The causative organisms are usually acquired during sexual intercourse with an infected person. The group of diseases were given their name by Jacques de Bethencourt in 1527, after Venus the goddess of love. The major venereal diseases are syphilis and gonorrhoea. There are a number of other venereal diseases, including chancroid, lymphogranuloma venereum and granuloma inguinale, but these have been relatively uncommon in Britain.

Series on Health
October 1963

Behind the planning of the National Health Service lay the proposition that everyone should be entitled to the services of a personal physician. For the first time a scheme of publicly provided medical care embodied this concept.

The general practitioner is responsible for all aspects of the medical care of his patients, treating them as people rather than as cases. His function is to co-ordinate his own services with those of others, calling upon them as he interprets his patients' needs.

Series on Health
August 1963

The risk of permanent paralysis is the predominant feature of poliomyelitis, and the dread of disability has profoundly affected society's attitude to the disease. In the broad medical context of disease in society, acute poliomyelitis is comparatively uncommon. Pneumonia causes over twenty times the number of premature deaths, even though premature deaths from pneumonia are less than a fifth the number twenty-five years ago.

Series on Health
June 1963

Rising hospital costs have caused concern to the public, Government, and Members of Parliament ever since the start of the National Health Service. They are at present taxing the minds of those responsible for administering the hospitals as they try to contain hospital expenditure within the limits of funds made available by the Government. Nevertheless the problems are not confined to Great Britain nor to the National Health Service because rapidly rising hospital costs have been general throughout the world since the end of the second World War.

Monograph
May 1963

Britain is not unique in having a health service. Practically every European country has accepted the provision of medical care as a community responsibility. Amongst the sixteen countries in Western Europe, only the Finns have not yet introduced an extensive compulsory pre-payment scheme of some sort and they are to do so in 1964.

Series on Health
April 1963

Pneumonia is a general term applied to inflammation of the lung whatever the cause. Although it may be a complication of drowning or of being caught in a burning building and inhaling smoke and gases, such cases are rare. Usually, when doctors speak of pneumonia, they refer to two common illnesses, lobar pneumonia and broncho-pneumonia.

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