Briefing

Briefing
November 1978

On each day in 1976 in England and Wales approximately forty-one people died and thousands more were either severely or slightly injured as a result of accidents. Such occurrences generate substantial social and economic costs which are borne not only by accident victims themselves but also by their relatives and the community as a whole. A growing appreciation of the extent of these burdens and of the potential for preventing a significant proportion of accidental injuries and fatalities has in recent years drawn much public and professional attention to the problem.

Briefing
October 1978

In 1978 the cost of the National Health Service in the United Kingdom will rise, to an estimated record level of £8,000 million. Even when adjusted for the falling value of the pound this means that the NHS costs three times as much as when it was first established. However, public spending in other sectors like education has risen to a similar degree and in the past decade the outlay in the NHS has remained constant at about 10 per cent of all public expenditure, less debt interest.

Briefing
June 1978

In the financial year 1976-77 over £220 million was spent on health care research in the United Kingdom. Taking account of recent expenditure growth and making an allowance for less readily identifiable contributions it may be estimated that total health care research spending is currently approaching the £300 million mark. In real terms this is an almost twofold increase on the £80 million (£172 million at 1976 prices) recorded at the beginning of the decade.

Briefing
January 1977

Viral hepatitis consists of at least two distinct disease entities. Although they are both virus infections of the liver which may lead to clinical 'yellow jaundice', they are caused by different viruses and have contrasting aetiologies and epidemiologies.

Briefing
January 1976

During the last fifteen years the rate of homicides (which comprise all cases of murder, manslaughter and infanticide) occurring in England and Wales has doubled. Analysis of the ages of victims shows that the homicide rate is rising most rapidly amongst males in or around their twenties, over 15 per million of whom are now killed as a result of the deliberate acts of other persons each year.

Briefing
December 1975

In 1901 approximately 127,000 infants and 81,000 children aged 1-14 died in England and Wales. By 1973, the corresponding figures were 11,500 and 4,500, representing falls of 91 per cent and 94 per cent respectively. During this period the total number of persons aged 0-14 rose, albeit unsteadily, from 10.5 million (32 per cent of the total population) to 11.6 million (23 per cent).

Briefing
April 1975

At first sight it might seem disturbing that accidental deaths are contributing an increasing proportion of the total mortality amongst young people in the UK. In 1932, for example, approximately 6 per cent of all deaths in England and Wales in the 1-4 years old age group were due to accidents. By 1972 the proportion was 24 per cent. For the 5-14 age group the rise was from 12 per cent to 37 per cent and in the 15-24 year old age group 48 per cent of all deaths in 1972 were due to accidents compared with only 12 per cent in 1932. Yet in reality the picture is much more encouraging.

Briefing
October 1974

The 'venereal' diseases of syphilis and gonorrhoea, whilst deserving close attention, do not constitute one of the major health problems of Britain today. In 1972, in England, about one man in every 10,000 and one woman in every 30,000 consulted a venereal disease clinic with syphilis. For gonorrhoea about one man in 600 and one woman in 1,200 consulted clinics in the course of the year. Treatment usually presents no serious problems in this country, although some commentators have been concerned by the rising trend in gonococcal infections.

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